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Post Approval Monitoring (PAM)


The IACUC reviews active protocols to ensure research is being conducted in accordance with what is written and approved within each protocol.

The PAM visit is conducted as collegially and informally as possible and is an opportunity for investigators to request any help they may need. Findings are reported to the IACUC. The visit report (and any follow-up reports) are kept on file in the IACUC office. Follow-up visits are conducted to document that any deficiencies highlighted during the first visit have been rectified.


  • Protocols are selected randomly, for cause, or as a result of a request by veterinary staff, care staff or lab personnel.
  • PAM program personnel visit the laboratory and the facility where the animals are housed. A veterinarian may participate in the visit.
  • Procedures on the selected protocol are observed and any drift from the approved protocol is noted.
  • The investigator is given the opportunity to correct any deviations by improving techniques or by submitting an amendment to his/her protocol.

Any questions or concerns regarding the PAM Program should be addressed to:

Jesse Funk, PAM Compliance Analyst

Jeremiah Dunlap, PAM Compliance Analyst